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About Jammu

Jammu

According to many historians and locals the state of Jammu was founded by Raja Jambu Lochan in 14th century. It was one of the famous Dogra Rajput dynasties that later in the 19th century came under the control of Maharaja Ranjit Singh and became the part of Sikh Dynasty. Raja Gulab Singh was appointed as the ruler by Maharaj Ranjit Singh and is credited as the founder of Jammu and Kashmir. Jammu is also known as Duggar and is one of the three administrative divisions with in Jammu and Kashmir. Sprawling across the area of 20.36 Sq. Km it borders Kashmir to the North, Ladakh to the East, Himachal Pradesh and Punjab to the South. The Shivalik Range comprises most of the region of Jammu. Jammu city is the largest city and the winter capital of Jammu and Kashmir. Situated at an altitude of 305 m above the sea level the Pir Prajal Range separates it from Kashmir Valley. The Trikuta Hills and Tawi River basin add beauty and diversity to the terrain of Jammu. It is also known as the "City of Temples" as it is a home to some of the most revered shrines and temples such as Vaishno Devi and Raghunath Temple. Hinduism is the main religion practiced by about 2.7 million people of the state while Islam and Sikhism also enjoy a strong cultural heritage in the region. The people of Jammu are called Dogra's and they speak mostly Dogri, Poonchi, Gojri, Kotli, Hindi, Punjabi and Urdu. Shopping in Jammu shares charming contradictory aspects where on one hand there are age old traditional shops then on the other hand new modern trendy showrooms with latest fashion and technology. The famous bazaars of Jammu are Vir Marg, Raghunath Bazar and Hari Market that are quite famous for dry fruits, Kashmiri handicraft items and Dogra jewelry. Jammu is also renowned for its superlative quality of Basmati rice and Rajma (red beans), Chocolat Burfi, Anardana (dried pomegranate seeds), and Ampapar (dried and candied mango peel).


How to reach Jammu by Air:- The city of Jammu has its own Airport situated at a distance of 8 Km from the city center. There are various domestic flights connecting Jammu to and from Delhi, Amritsar, Chandigarh and Srinagar. Almost all the major airlines such as Indian Airlines, Jet airways etc. operate flights to Jammu on regular basis.


How to reach Jammu by Train:- Jammu Tawi is 5 Km from the city center is an important Railway Station .There are various express trains connecting Jammu to and from various Indian cities like Delhi, Mumbai, Kolkata, Chennai and Amritsar. The most popular trains among the visitors are Jammu Mail, Jammu Tawi, Jhelum Express, Rajdhani Express etc.


How to reach Jammu by Road:- Jammu has a good network of motorable roads that connect it to the various other North Indian parts of the country. State roadways and private operators connect it to the various parts of the country with National highways.

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